Careers in Genomics

Genomics offers a range of career opportunities that require different levels of education. 


Biomedical Laboratory Technician*

Required level of education: College

Biomedical laboratory technicians conduct control tests on product samples based on specifications, protocols and standard operating procedures. They provide technical support to various departments: analytical, control or bio-analytical. Technicians use a variety of laboratory techniques to carry out chemical, biochemical or genetic tests.

Examples of typical duties:

  • Conducting physical, chemical, biological, biochemical or microbiological testing on samples of raw materials or finished products.

  • Performing analytical problem solving.

  • Producing documents on the results of sample testing.


Required level of education: University

Biochemists study and analyze chemical reactions and biological processes that occur at the molecular level of living organisms in order to enhance scientific knowledge. They also seek out real-world applications for research in areas such as medicine, pharmaceuticals, genetics, agriculture, industry and even biotechnology. 

Examples of typical duties:

  • Studying the chemical processes involved in the various functions of organisms, such as digestion, energy conversion in living matter, growth and aging.

  • Isolating and characterizing enzymes, hormones or genes and identifying their impact on the human body.

  • Using genetic engineering techniques.

  • Developing tests and new drugs.

  • Producing reports and recommendations on research results.




Required level of education: University

Biologists study living beings. They strive to understand how cells work. They focus on areas such as DNA replication and animal or plant cells in order to discover new therapeutic substances. They also study the chemical reactions in biological entities. They are fascinated by the interactions between active substances and living organisms. They are also interested in microorganisms, such as viruses, fungi and bacteria.

Examples of typical duties:

  • Studying manifestations of life in living organisms.

  • Conducting experiments on the growth, heredity and reproduction of plants and animals.

  • Studying the repercussions of human activities on the environment.

  • Studying the relationships among individuals (plants and animals) and their environment.


Required level of education: University

Microbiologists study the structure, functions, ecology, biotechnology and genetics of microorganisms (viruses, bacteria, yeasts, fungi, algae) by conducting experiments and research to enhance scientific knowledge and develop practical applications for society and industry.

Examples of typical duties:

  • Taking samples from living tissue.

  • Isolating, identifying and harvesting specimens in the lab.

  • Studying the action of microorganisms on living tissue (infectious diseases) and examining how they propagate as infectious agents.

  • Studying microorganisms that decompose organic matter and fertilize soil.

  • Controlling the safety of food and water.

  • Controlling the quality of pharmaceuticals, drugs, cosmetics, pesticides, etc.


Many other professions require the use of genomics.  

College level:

  • Analytical chemistry technician

  • Chemical process technician

  • Inspector

  • Crime scene technician

University level: 

  • Biophysicist

  • Chemist

  • Coroner

  • Biotechnology engineer

To learn more about the various careers related to genomics, talk to your school guidance counsellor or consult the programs of study offered by the schools in your area. 

*Source : (French only)